North CAR has seen cattle herding grow in recent decades. This new occupation of space creates conflicts between transhumant herders and farmers but also between wildlife and livestock for access to pastures and water points. The world of pastoralism is heterogeneous and complex, shared between local herders and transhumant herders, who do not have the same goals and interests. Moreover, this sector in North CAR is highly penalized by the State’s lack of capacity to control and manage it, and dominated by informal taxation generating no profit for the region. It is important to better understand and grasp users’ practices and needs in order to re-establish proper management of this sector in a way that would complement the management of natural resources. Currently, transhumance is a burden for CAR, which draws no benefit from it.